Renewable energy accounted for 16% of the share of final power consumption in the EU in 2014, with the UK in the bottom five.
The overall figure is almost double the amount compared to 2004, when it stood at 8.5%, according to Eurostat.
Sweden had the highest share in 2014, with more than half (52.6%) of energy from green sources, followed by Latvia and Finland (both 38.7%).
At the opposite end of the scale was Luxembourg (4.5%), Malta (4.7%), the Netherlands (5.5%) and the UK (7%).
Member States have agreed on generating at least 27% of energy from renewables by 2030.
Among the 28 countries, a third have already reached the level required to meet their national 2020 targets.
They include Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Finland and Sweden.
The countries furthest away from their targets are France, the Netherlands, the UK and Ireland.
Last year Energy Secretary Amber Rudd admitted the UK will fall short of its EU obligations of generating 15% of its energy from green sources by 2020 in a leaked letter.
Another report from Eurostat also revealed the EU was dependent on energy imports for more than half of its consumption in 2014.