A plastic bag ban, believed to be the toughest in the world, has come into force in Kenya.
Those manufacturing, selling or even using them could face fines of up to $38,000 (£29,339) or be imprisoned for up to four years.
Enforcement will however initially be directed at manufacturers and suppliers.
While the government believes the ban will protect the environment, manufacturers have argued that 80,000 jobs could be lost.
Kenya joins more than 40 nations, including China, France and the Netherlands, that have introduced taxes on bags or limited or prohibited their use.
According to the UN, which has declared a “war on plastic” through its Clean Seas initiative, Kenyans use 100 million plastic bags a year.