It has joined forces with Norwegian recycling company TOMRA for the trial project in Newbury, Berkshire.
It is offering shoppers a 5p coupon for each qualifying drink container that is returned to the reverse vending machine.
The news follows a survey from Zero Waste Scotland which found almost 70% of Scots want glass to be part of the country’s forthcoming deposit return scheme.
Truls Haug, Managing Director of TOMRA UK&I, said: “Showing how three materials can be easily collected in stores with Tomra reverse vending technology is an important learning for retailers and consumers as we move towards an all-inclusive deposit return scheme in the UK, starting with Scotland.
“We look forward to hearing feedback from shoppers and Sainsbury’s staff as the trial progresses.”