Funding worth $11 million (£7.7m) has been awarded to boost the efficiency of the US electric grid.
The seven “transformational” projects aim to develop realistic, open-access models to improve the power grid.
According to the Department of Energy (DOE), researchers have developed new algorithms to develop software and solve how power can transmitted and distributed efficiently.
However, existing models are dated, inaccurate or incomplete, it adds, with models using real data not shared publicly due to security and privacy challenges.
The GRID DATA programme seeks to overcome the limitations that can be used by the research community to develop accurate tests and evaluations to plan for the future of the grid.
The funding is being provided by the DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E).
Ellen D. Williams, ARPA-E Director said: “Improving the resiliency and reliability of the U.S. electric grid is vital to our nation’s energy future. Developing new power system models will help to move our nation towards a more reliable, safe and secure grid of the future.”