The two countries intend to work together on regulatory frameworks and environmental standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions during this decade.
The US and China have pledged to collaborate to improve the measurement of methane emissions at both national and sub-national levels.
On top of that, China intends to develop an ambitious National Action Plan on methane, aiming to achieve a ‘significant’ effect on methane emissions control and reductions in the 2020s.
The two sides have promised to convene a meeting in the first half of 2022 to focus on the measures that will allow them to enhance measurement and mitigation of methane.
The US and China will also work together on transmission policies that encourage efficient balancing of electricity supply.
While the US has set a goal to reach 100% carbon-pollution free electricity by 2035, China unveiled plans to phase down coal consumption during a five-year plan and try to accelerate this work.
They will also cooperate on accelerating the deployment of technologies, including carbon capture utilisation and storage and form policies to encourage electrification of end-use sectors.
John Kerry said: “The US-China Joint Glasgow Declaration is a step in the right direction, a mark of progress and a solid foundation for continued cooperation on climate between our two countries.
“The world can only achieve its climate goals if our countries are pulling in the same direction.”