Billion-dollar natural disasters: Natural catastrophes in 2020 ‘create global economic loss of $210bn’

A new study shows six-in-ten of the costliest natural catastrophes during 2020 occurred in the US

Festival Net Zero 2021

Natural catastrophes last year cost global economies an estimated $210 billion (£155bn).

That’s according to new research by the German reinsurer Munich Re, which suggests the economic damage of natural disasters, including storms, wildfires and hurricanes soared last year, up from $166 billion (£122bn) in 2019.

The analysis showed six-in-ten of the costliest natural disasters happened in the US.

Natural disasters in the US accounted for $95 billion (£70bn) of overall losses and $67 billion (£49.4bn) of insured losses.

Floods in China were responsible for the highest individual loss of $17 billion (£12.5bn), only around 2% of which was insured.

Torsten Jeworrek, Member of the Board of Management at Munich Re, said: “Natural catastrophe losses in 2020 were significantly higher than in the previous year. Record numbers for many relevant hazards are a cause for concern, whether we are talking about the severe hurricane season, major wildfires or the series of thunderstorms in the US. Climate change will play an increasing role in all of these hazards.”

Ernst Rauch, Chief Climate and Geo-Scientist at Munich Re, commented: “An increasing number of heatwaves and droughts are fuelling wildfires and severe tropical cyclones and thunderstorms are becoming more frequent. Research shows that events such as this year’s heatwaves in Northern Siberia are 600 times more likely to occur than previously.”

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