Changing the way in which we get our refrigeration and cooling systems could save money and cut down carbon emissions.
Vehicles that are used to transport the equipment are said to be unregulated and emit a large amount of air pollution.
Researchers at Birmingham University are hoping to come up with ideas on how to change the way supply and demand in cooling products meet.
This could potentially cut down on carbon emissions and food waste.
Demand for cooling products like refrigerators, air conditioning and food storage is now being recognised on the same level as heating. It is expected to grow by 16% per year.
It is estimated that developing countries could save 200 million tonnes of perishable food each year if they developed their cold chain supply further.
Toby Peters, Visiting Professor of Power and Cold Economy at the University of Birmingham said: “As the need for cold across the globe rapidly increases – with rising demand for air conditioning, industrial and medical cooling, refrigerated food storage and transport – a new sustainable approach is required to the way cold is provided.”