The recommendations, which were presented by IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol and European Commission Director-General for Energy Ditte Juul Jørgensen, include turning down heating, using less air conditioning, working from home when possible and car-pooling or travelling by public transport when available.
According to the plan’s findings, turning down the thermostat by just 1°C could save around 7% of the energy used for heating, while setting an air conditioner 1°C warmer could reduce the amount of electricity used by up to 10%.
By following all steps in the plan, the typical EU household could save, on average, close to €500 (£417) a year, though the amounts would vary depending on the household’s size, location and access to public transport, the authors of the report have suggested.
If all EU citizens were to follow the recommendations at home and in their workplace, it would save 220 million barrels of oil a year and around 17 billion cubic metres of natural gas.
The presentation of these energy saving actions followed a similar campaign launched in Italy – public organisations have been urged to keep their air conditioning at 25°C or above from next month.
The Italian energy rationing initiative, named “operation thermostat” aims to reduce dependency on gas.